Guide for Authors

Guidelines for Retracting Articles

NIDOC Journals take the responsibility to maintain the integrity and completeness of the scholarly record of the content for all end users very seriously. The journal place great importance on the authority of articles after they have been published and our policy is based on the best practice followed in the academic publishing community.

It is a general principle of scholarly communication that the Editor of a learned journal is solely and independently responsible for deciding which article(s) shall be published out of the submitted articles in a particular time. In making this decision, the Editor is guided by the policies of the journal's Editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding copyright infringement and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship. Articles that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as possible. However, occasionally unavoidable circumstances may arise where after publication the article requires retraction or even removal from a particular journal. Such actions must not be undertaken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances, such as:

Article withdrawal: This is only used for “Article in Press” which represents the early versions of the accepted articles. If any article at the stage of “Article in Press”, by any means, represents infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or similar incidences, the article may be withdrawn depending on the Editor’s discretion. In this regard, Editor’s decision must be considered as final following the deep assessment and analysis of the situations, on a case by case basis.

Article retraction: Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, sham claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data and similar claims will lead to the retraction of an article. Occasionally, a retraction may be considered to correct errors in submission or publication.

Article removal and replacement: Subjected to legal limitations of the publisher, copyright holder or author(s). Identification of false or inaccurate data representation which may pose a serious health risk and involves any means of scientific data tampering or other fraud hindering fair practice of science should be treated with highest possible strictness.

The core objective of these measures is necessary to maintain the integrity of the academic record.

Encouraging academic integrity

Request evidence of ethical research approval for all relevant submissions and be prepared to question authors about aspects, such as, how patient consent was obtained or what methods were employed to minimize animal suffering.

Ensure that reports of clinical trials cite compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki 6th revision, Good Clinical Practice and other relevant guidelines to safeguard participant.

Ensure that reports of experiments on or studies of, animals cite compliance with the US Department of Health and Human Services Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals or other relevant guidelines. Consider appointing a journal ethics panel to advice on specific cases and review journal policies periodically.

Ensuring the integrity of the academic record

Take steps to reduce covert redundant publication, e.g., by requiring all clinical trials to be registered. Ensure that published material is securely archived. Have systems in place to give authors the opportunity to make original research articles freely available.

Preclude business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards

Errors, inaccurate or misleading statements must be corrected promptly and with due prominence. Editors should follow the COPE guidelines on retractions.


The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of work of the author and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior.

Ethics topics to consider when publishing:

  • Authorship of the paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study.

Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

  • Data access and retention: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data.
  • Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. NIDOC does not view the following uses of a work as prior publication: publication in the form of an abstract; publication as an academic thesis; publication as an electronic preprint. Information on prior publication is included within each NIDOC journal’s Guide for Authors.
  • Acknowledgement of sources: Proper acknowledgment.
  • Disclosure and conflicts of interest: All submissions must include disclosure of all relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest.
  • Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
  • Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance

 Guideline for writing articles

It is mandatory for the authors to write and prepare their manuscripts according to the instructions and specifications listed below. The length and effectiveness of the peer review process will largely depend upon the care used by authors in preparing their manuscripts. Therefore, contributors are strongly encouraged to read these instructions carefully before preparing a manuscript for submission and to check the manuscript for conformance before submitting it for publication.

Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere and are not currently under consideration by another publisher. The submitting author is responsible for ensuring that the article’s publication has been approved by all the other coauthors. Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the website. If for some technical reason submission through the website is not possible, the author can contact  for support.

 Manuscripts which are submitted to Egyptian Journal of Geology should:

•contain original work (submit a form stating the article has not been communicated to any other journal for publication). 

•follows aims and scope of the journal

•are clearly and correctly written in English (should be clear, simple and cater to geology research area)

•are delivered in electronic format.

Paper elements:

1.Title page with author name(s) and affiliation(s)




5. Relevant Setting, Material and methods

6. Results and discussion

7. Conclusion

8. Acknowledgment

9. References

10.  Arabic Abstract (optional)

11. The Managing Editor officially informs the author about the final decision by sending the acceptance letter and the payment fees for article processing charge as well as fill up the copyright form by all authors and coauthors 

 Each of these elements is detailed below.

1.  Title should be short but informative, be centered, typed in Times New Roman 14 point and boldface.

      Author Name(s) should be listed all authors of the paper (initial(s) for first and middle name(s) and full family name), be centered beneath the title and typed in Times New Roman 11-point, non-italic and boldface. Every name are numbered superscript sequentially with a star symbol “*” for the corresponding author.

     Affiliation(s) should be shown below the author name(s) and typed in Times New Roman 10-point, italic and non-boldface. At least one e-mail address is needed for corresponding with the author.

 2. Abstract should be a brief summary of the significant items of the main paper. An abstract should not normally exceed 250 words. All non-standard symbols and abbreviations should be defined. The abstract should be typed in Times New Roman, 9-point, non-italic and non- boldface.

3. Keywords list all keywords in order of importance, separated by commas and should be typed in Times New Roman, 10-point, non-italic and non-boldface.

Type the main text in 10-point Times New Roman, single-spaced with single line spacing and fully justified right and left. Do not use double-spacing. The spacing after paragraph is double. Figure and table captions should be 9-point Times New Roman, boldface and non-italic. Initially capitalize only the first word of the caption. Figure captions are to be below the figures and Table titles are to be fully justified right and left above the table.

4.Introduction: This section should be succinct, with no subheadings.

5. Relevant Setting, Material and methods

If your manuscript deals with a specific location, briefly describe the geographic and geologic setting of your study area. If you need to provide additional background on work done by others or that you have previously published in order to put your work into context, be sure that this background is limited to what is directly relevant to your study and its context and questions. Do not include any of the research results from the current study in this section

6. Results and Discussion - may be combined or kept separate and may be further divided into subsections. This section should not contain technical details. Abbreviations and acronyms should be used sparingly and consistently. Where they first appear in the text, they should be defined; authors may also explain large numbers of abbreviations and acronyms after the conclusion part.

7. Conclusion: This should clearly explain the main conclusions of the work highlighting its importance and relevance

8. Acknowledgments: All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.

9. References: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If the references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

10. The Managing Editor officially informs the author about the final decision by sending the acceptance letter and the payment fees for article processing charge as well as fill up the copyright form by all authors and coauthors. Copyright Transfer Agreement (PDF)


If you have any questions, please contact the Executive Editor

 Preparation of Figures

Upon submission of an article, authors are supposed to include all figures and tables in the word file of the manuscript. Figures and tables should not be submitted in separate files. If the article is accepted, authors will be asked to provide the source files of the figures. Each figure should be supplied in a separate electronic file. All figures should be cited in the paper in a consecutive order. Figures should be supplied in either vector art formats (Illustrator, EPS, WMF, FreeHand, CorelDraw, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.) or bitmap formats (Photoshop, TIFF, GIF, JPEG, etc.). Bitmap images should be of 300 dpi resolution at least unless the resolution is intentionally set to a lower level for scientific reasons. If a bitmap image has labels, the image and labels should be embedded in separate layers.

Preparation of Tables

All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals. Tables should be cited consecutively in the text. Every table must have a descriptive title and if numerical measurements are given, the units should be included in the column heading. Vertical rules should not be used.



Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA)


 It must be uploaded upon acceptance for the paper:


 Contributors’ form (to be modified as applicable and one signed copy attached with the manuscript)


 Title: Egyptian Journal of Geology


Manuscript Title: __________________________________________________________________________




 Manuscript Number: _____________________________________


I/we certify that I/we have participated sufficiently in the intellectual content, conception and design of this work or the analysis and interpretation of the data (when applicable), as well as the writing of the manuscript, to take public responsibility for it and have agreed to have my/our name listed as a contributor. I/we believe the manuscript represents valid work. Each author confirms they meet the criteria for authorship as established by the ICMJE. Neither this manuscript nor one with substantially similar content under my/our authorship has been published or is being considered for publication elsewhere, except as described in the covering letter. I/we certify that all the data collected during the study is presented in this manuscript and no data from the study has been or will be published separately. I/we attest that, if requested by the editors, I/we will provide the data/information or will cooperate fully in obtaining and providing the data/information on which the manuscript is based, for examination by the editors or their assignees. Financial interests, direct or indirect, that exist or may be perceived to exist for individual contributors in connection with the content of this paper have been disclosed in the cover letter. Sources of outside support of the project are named in the cover letter.


I/We hereby transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise, convey(s) all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the Journal, in the event that such work is published by the Journal. The Journal shall own the work, including 1) copyright; 2) the right to grant permission to republish the article in whole or in part, with or without fee; 3) the right to produce preprints or reprints and translate into languages other than English for sale or free distribution; and 4) the right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other mechanical or electronic format.


 We give the rights to the corresponding author to make necessary changes as per the request of the journal, do the rest of the correspondence on our behalf and he/she will act as the guarantor for the manuscript on our behalf.


 All persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript, but who are not contributors, are named in the Acknowledgment and have given me/us their written permission to be named. If I/we do not include an Acknowledgment that means I/we have not received substantial contributions from non-contributors and no contributor has been omitted.




Date signed























 (Additional signatures may be added provided the authors meet the ICMJE criteria stated above)


مواصفات کتابة البحث العلمى

للنشر فى دوريات المرکز القومى للإعلام والتوثيق


1- عنوان البحث بالانجليزية : يکتب أول حرف فى کل کلمة رئيسية حرف کبير حجم الخط 12 أسود .

Effect of Different Irrigation Levels and Mulches on Growth and Productivity of Picual Olive Trees


2- اسم المؤلف : بالنسبة للمؤلف يکتب الحرف الاول کبير من الاسم الاول والثانى ويکتب الاسم الثالث کامل وبالنسبة  للمؤلفة يکتب الاسم الاول کامل والحرف الاول من الاسم الثانى کبير ويکتب الثالث کاملاً حجم الخط 10 أسود .

M.A.Fathi*, Samia A. Asad*, Wesam A. Nabeel* and A. Abd El-Baree**


3- عنوان المؤلف : حجم الخط 10 مائل يکتب کامل وليس مختصر خط مائل من الخاص الى العام کالتالى :

 القسم - الکلية - الجامعة - المدينة – الدولة أو القسم – المعهد – المرکز – المدينة – الدولة .

* Department  of  Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, South Valley University, Qena  and   **Olive & Semi–arid Zone Fruits Research Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agricultural Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.

4-  المستخلص : العرض 14 سم لا يزيد عن 250 کلمة وبعد کتابة المستخلص يکتب بعده الـKeywords وأول حرف من کل کلمة کبير حجم الخط 9 أبيض.

Keywords: Olive, Picual, Irrigation, Mulch.

5- رأس وتذييل الصفحات : حجم الخط 9

أ – الصفحة الاولى: يکتب فى رأس الصفحة اسم المجلة مختصر مائل و رقم المجلد اسود ورقم العدد ابيض والصفحات ثم السنة کالمثال :

Egypt. J. Vet. Sci. Vol. 47. No, 2 pp. (2016)

ب – الصفحات الزوجى : يکتب اسم المؤلف احرف کبيرة کالمثال


ج – الصفحات الفردى : يکتب عنوان البحث مختصر احرف کبيرة متبوعاً ... کالمثال


د – يکتب فى تذييل الصفحات : عنوان المجلة مختصراً کالمثال :

Egypt. J. Vet. Sci. Vol. 47.No. 2 (2016)


6 - متن البحث : العناوين الجانبية والرئيسية ومتن البحث حجم الخط 10  - لا يتم ترقيم العناوين الرئيسية او الجانبية .


أ - العناوين الرئيسية : تکتب جانبى أسود تحته خط لأخر العمود .

Material and Methods_____________                            


ب- العناوين الجانبية : أبيض مائل أول حرف کبير فى أول کلمة .

ج- الجداول والاشکال :

* حجم خط عناوين الجداول والاشکال 9 أسود والبيانات الداخلية للجداول 9 أبيض . والعناوين التابعة أسفل الجدول بخط 8 أبيض .

* يتم الالتزام بالحجم لا تزيد  11.5سم عرض × 16 سم طول .

* لا يتم تخطيط الجداول الا خطين بالعرض فى رأس الجدول وخط أسفله

* کتابة عناوين الاعمدة والصفوف ببرنامج Microsoft word وليس کصورة

* الجداول الکبيرة بالعرض يتم حفظها کصورة JPG وترفق مع ملف البحث الرئيس.

* الصور التى تحتوى على ارقام منفصلة واسهم يتم حفظها کصورة واحدة وتوضع فى مکانها فى البحث.

* يوضع کل جدول او شکل بعد ذکره فى متن البحث مباشرة .


7- المراجع :

* المجلات التى تتبع نظام الاسم - التاريخ Name-date System))

يتم کتابة اسم المؤلف کالتالى الاسم الثالث کامل (اسم العائلة) ثم الحرف الاول من الاسم الأول ثم الحرف الاول من الاسم الثانى ثم السنة ثم اسم البحث ثم عنوان المجلة مع بيان رقم المجلد والعدد وعدد الصفحات.


Nabih, A.S, Aly, A.A and Nada, M.K. (1992) Growth, flowering and corm productivity of Fressia refracta cv. Aurora as affected by different irrigation periods and chemical fertilization. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 17 (6), 265-283.








المرجع الکتاب يذکر کالتالى : اسماء المؤلفين – عنوان الکتاب – العنوان الفرعى للکتاب – رقم الطبعة – دار النشر – بلد النشر

                                    عدد الصفحات المستشهد بها أو عدد صفحات الکتاب.

Snedecor, G.W. and Cochran, W.G.  (1972) "Statistical Methods", 6th ed., Iowa State Univ. Press, Ames, Iowa, pp. 250-254.


* ترتب المراجع ترتيباً ابجدياً .

* لا يزيد عدد المراجع عن 40 مرجع فى البحث .

* مطابقة اسم المرجع فى متن البحث مع المرجع المکتوب فى قائمة المراجع (الاسم والسنة).



8- الملخص العربى :

* يتضمن عنوان البحث واسماء المؤلفين اسم ثلاثى وعناونيهم مطابقة للاسماء بالانجليزية وعناوينهم بالکامل .

* يقدم البحث على الموقع الالکترونى الخاص بکل مجلة على برنامج Word  Microsoft فى صورة Doc, Docx

* بعد قبول البحث فى المجلة لا يتم اعطاء الـ Scientific Acceptance  للمؤلف الا بعد تقديم البحث مستوفياً للشروط والمواصفات کتابة البحث العلمى.

9 – بيانات اضافية يتم العمل بها :

تخطيط الجداول خطين فى رأس الجدول وخط أسفله لا توجد خطوط طولية

المراجع فى متن البحث بخط عادى (وليس بولد)

et al.  تکتب خط عادى وليس مائل

العناوين الجانبية خط مائل (وليس بولد)

عدم ترقيم العناوين الجانبية بالارقام أو الأحرف

قائمة المراجع حسب المواصفات المتبعة فى کتابة البحث العلمى (مراجعة رقم 7)

يتم اضافة الاتى ويوضع قبل قائمة المراجع


Acknowledgments: …………………………………………………………


Funding statements:………………………………………………………


Conflicts of interest: ………………………………………………………